From left to right: Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. Hitler’s policies and orders resulted in the deaths of about 50 million people in Europe. A dictatorship is an authoritarian form of government, characterized by a single leader or group of leaders with democracy vs dictatorship no party or a weak party, little mass mobilization, and limited political pluralism. Right after the end of World War II, with a more relaxed political and social climate, several studies regarding the classification of various forms of government have been conducted.
Among these, has been intensely discussed by historians and political scientists the conceptualization and definition of the dictatorship form of government. A new form of government that in the 20th century has marked the beginning of a new political era and is commonly linked to the concept of dictatorship, is totalitarianism. However, one of the most recent classification of dictatorships, formulated, do not identify Totalitarianism as a form of dictatorship. In her study, she focused in how elite-leader and elite-mass relations influence authoritarian politics.
Military dictatorships are regimes in which a group of officers holds power, determines who will lead the country, and exercises influence over policy. High-level elites and a leader are the members of the military dictatorship. Military dictatorships are characterized by rule by a professionalized military as an institution. Single-party dictatorships are regimes in which one party dominates politics. In single-party dictatorships, a single party has access to political posts and control over policy.